Baseball is a sport played between two team has a “farm system” of minor league
teams usually of nine players each. It teams at various levels. These teams
is a bat-and-ball game in which a allow younger players to gain experience
pitcher throws (pitches) a hard, against opponents with similar levels of
fist-sized, leather-covered ball toward skill.
a batter on the opposing team. The The distinct evolution of baseball from
batter attempts to hit the baseball with among the various bat-and-ball games is
a tapered cylindrical bat, made of wood difficult to trace with precision. While
(as required in professional baseball) there has been general agreement that
or a variety of other materials (as modern baseball is a North American
allowed in many nonprofessional games). development from the older game
A team scores runs only when batting, by rounders, the 2006 book Baseball Before
advancing its players—primarily via We Knew It: A Search for the Roots of
hits—counterclockwise past a series of the Game, by David Block, argues against
four markers called bases arranged at that notion. The earliest known mention
the corners of a ninety-foot square, or of the sport is in a 1744 British
“diamond.” The game, played without time publication, A Little Pretty of live cricket streaming get it and check now
restriction, is structured around nine Pocket-Book, by John Newbery. It
segments called innings. In each inning, contains a wood-cut illustration of boys
both teams are given the opportunity to playing “base-ball,” showing a set-up
bat and score runs; a team’s half-inning roughly similar to the modern game, and
ends when three outs are recorded a rhymed description of the sport. The
against that team. earliest known American reference to the
Baseball on both the professional and game was published in a 1791 Pittsfield,
amateur levels is popular in North Massachusetts, statute that prohibited
America, Central America, parts of South the playing of baseball within 80 yards
America, parts of the Caribbean, and of the town’s new meeting house. The
East Asia. The modern version of the English novelist Jane Austen made a
game developed in North America reference to children playing
beginning in the eighteenth century. The base-ball” on a village green in her
consensus of historians is that it book Northanger Abbey, which was written
evolved from earlier bat-and-ball games, between 1798 and 1803 (though not
such as rounders, brought to the published until 1818).
continent by British and Irish The first full documentation of a
immigrants. By the late nineteenth baseball game in North America is Dr.
century, baseball was widely recognized Adam Ford’s contemporary description of
as the national sport of the United a game that took place in 1838 on June 4
States. The game is sometimes referred (Militia Muster Day) in Beachville,
to as hardball to differentiate it from Ontario; this report was related in an
similar sports such as softball. 1886 edition of Sporting Life magazine
In the United States, professional Major in a letter by former St. Marys,
League Baseball teams are divided into Ontario, resident Dr. Matthew Harris. In
the National League (NL) and American 1845, Alexander Cartwright of New York
League (AL). Each league has three City led the codification of an early
divisions: East, West, and Central. list of rules (the so-called
Every year, the champion of Major League Knickerbocker Rules), from which today’s
Baseball is determined by playoffs have evolved. He had also initiated the
culminating in the World Series. Four replacement of the soft ball used in
teams make the playoffs from each rounders with a smaller hard ball. While
league: the three division leaders, plus there are reports of Cartwright’s club,
one wild card team with the best record the New York Knickerbockers, playing
among the remaining teams in the league. games in 1845, the game now recognized
In the National League, the pitcher is as the first in U.S. history to be
required to bat, per the traditional officially recorded took place on June
rules. In the American League, there is 19, 1846, in Hoboken, New Jersey, with
a tenth player, a designated hitter, who the “New York Nine” defeating the
bats for the pitcher. Each major league Knickerbockers, 23–1, in four innings.